What is Energy Balance?


Energy is another word for “calories.” Your energy balance is the balance of calories consumed through eating and drinking compared to calories burned through physical activity. What you eat and drink is ENERGY IN. What you burn through physical activity is ENERGY OUT.

You burn a certain number of calories just by breathing air and digesting food. You also burn a certain number of calories (ENERGY OUT) through your daily routine. For example, children burn calories just being students—walking to their lockers, carrying books, etc.- and adults burn calories walking to the bus stop, going shopping, etc. A chart of estimated calorie requirements for children and adults is available at the link below; this chart can help you maintain a healthy calorie balance.

An important part of maintaining energy balance is the amount of ENERGY OUT (physical activity) that you do. People who are more physically active burn more calories than those who are not as physically active.

The same amount of ENERGY IN (calories consumed) and ENERGY OUT

(calories burned) over time = weight stays the same

More IN than OUT over time = weight gain

More OUT than IN over time = weight loss

Your ENERGY IN and OUT don’t have to balance every day. It’s having a balance over time that will help you stay at a healthy weight for the long term. Children need to balance their energy, too, but they’re also growing and that should be considered as well. Energy balance in children happens when the amount of ENERGY IN and ENERGY OUT supports natural growth without promoting excess weight gain.

That’s why you should take a look at the Estimated Calorie Requirement chart, to get a sense of how many calories (ENERGY IN) you and your family need on a daily basis.

Estimated Calorie Requirements

This calorie requirement chart presents estimated amounts of calories needed to maintain energy balance (and a healthy body weight) for various gender and age groups at three different levels of physical activity. The estimates are rounded to the nearest 200 calories and were determined using an equation from the Institute of Medicine (IOM).

Estimated Calorie Requirements (in kilocalories) for Each Gender and Age Group at Three Levels of Physical Activity.
Gender Age (years) Activity Level
Sedentary Moderately Active Active

Child
2-3
1,000
1,000 – 1,400
1,000 – 1,400

Female
4 – 8
1,200
1,400 – 1,600
1,400 – 1,800

Female
9-13

Halle Berry

Giving Your Eyelids a Lift

If the eyes are said to be the windows to the soul, the eyelids are the curtains. The eyelids are critical to vision... ...

5 Most Weird Beauty Treatments

Discover beauty using ‘unusual methods’! Listed below are the world’s five most weird beauty treatments.... ...

Halle Berry

What is Breast Reconstructive Surgery?

Breast reconstructive surgery has arrived as a significant body surgery development for women who have been undergoing... ...

Halle Berry

Compiling a Family Health History

You may know that you got your brown eyes from your mom or your dimples from your dad’s side of the family.... ...

Halle Berry

Alcohol and Pregnancy Don’t Mix

Good parenting starts when you’re pregnant. The decisions you make during those 9 months can help give your... ...

DASH: Designed for Every Body

DASH: Designed for Every Body

Diets are a lot like fashion. Depending on the season (and which celebrity is currently obsessed),...

Dietary Help for Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Dietary Help for Iron-Deficiency Anemia

If you have been diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia, your doctor has likely advised you to eat...

Simple Swaps! Make Healthy Food Even Healthier

Simple Swaps! Make Healthy Food Even Healthier

Looking for easy ways to boost the nutritional value in your food? ...

Does Advertising affect Eating Disorders?

Advertisements are all around us. What we see impacts us in some or the other way.

How to Stop Online Shopping Addiction

How to Stop Online Shopping Addiction

In the age of electronics, there are many trends that turn into addictions....

Grocery Shopping Tips for College Students

Grocery Shopping Tips for College Students

College life is the most enjoyable part in one’s life but it also inculcates sensibility and ...

Skin Care »

  • Global Hand Washing Day

    Global Hand Washing Day

    The primary practice aim was mobilize people and transform handwashing from being just an abstract idea to an automatic ...
  • Pre School Hand Hygiene

    Pre School Hand Hygiene

    Children are very notorious and they can literally give a deaf ear to their parents when the latter ...
  • Personality Type Diet Plan

    Personality Type Diet Plan

    The Personality Type Diet has been crafted by Robert Kushner. He is a known expert on ...
Easy Way to Stop Smoking
Easy Way to Stop Smoking

Medical practitioners all over the world have been constantly appealing ...

Self Hypnosis Techniques
Self Hypnosis Techniques

A self hypnosis session requires a strong suggestion, proper relaxation and delivering ...

How to Tighten Loose Skin
How to Tighten Loose Skin

Loose skin is a common problem that a lot of women as well . ...

Careers in Speech Pathology
Careers in Speech Pathology

With a rise in speech-related problems in people, speech pathologists are in great demand

8 SureFire Tips on How to Lose Inches Off Your Waist Fast

Want to know how to lose inches fast?

The 2 Types of Knee Braces With Side Stabilizer
The 2 Types of Knee Braces With Side Stabilizer

Do you have a problem with your knees?...

RiRi
Is It Easy To Quit Smoking Forever?

How do I dare to say that it is easy to quit smoking? ...

Kids and Martial Arts Can Be a Great Match
Kids and Martial Arts Can Be a Great Match

All parents want their children to grow up healthy and develop discipline...

Don't miss

Take It Easy: Preventing and Treating Shin Splints

What are shin splints? Typically, shin splints cause pain or tenderness along the shin bone from inflamed muscles,... ...

Fit to a Tee: The Basics of Golf

Think golf is just a slow-paced game for businessmen in plaid pants? Think again – it might be worth taking... ...

9 Ways to Exercise When You Don’t Have Time

You know exercise can help improve your health and lose weight. Yet, 1 in 4 adults doesn’t exercise, according... ...

Tips on Daily Shaving

Shaving is a task for majority of the men and becomes more tasking when accompanied with cuts or razor bumps due...
8 Tips for Better Sleep When You’re Pregnant

8 Tips for Better Sleep When You’re Pregnant

Pregnancy can make you ga-ga over sleep. Those first few months, you can’t seem to stay awake. Even the...
Easing Your Child’s Fear of Needles

Easing Your Child’s Fear of Needles

Does your child scream at the sight of needles?Tell you he’d rather have the flu than a shot to prevent it?...
How to Tighten Loose Skin

How to Tighten Loose Skin

Loose skin is a common problem that a lot of women as well as men face and is much more common amongst women than...
Custom Knee Brace Company In Chicago and Suburbs Helps Patients

Custom Knee Brace Company In Chicago and Suburbs Helps Patients

When it is time for you to get a brace for your knee, it is a good idea to work with a professional near you. Do...

Nutritional Needs of Women

Both men and women need to tailor their diet as per their age, height, weight and physical activity. A woman’s...